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The Deep是世界上唯一的Submarium（潜艇水族馆），也是建筑史上以地标建筑成功激活整个城市复兴的代表案例之一，在2002年开业后仅14个月，The Deep就为赫尔这座人口规模25万的城市吸引了100万游客。2017年，赫尔市荣获英国文化之都。The Deep水族馆是当年庆典活动的中心场所，外墙亦作为投影面播放着赫尔城市历史的影片。它是英格兰东北部最著名的地标性建筑，堪称商业上最成功的千禧年项目之一，并被刊印在皇家邮政的邮票上。
Billed as the world’s only “Submarium”, The Deep is one of the representative cases in the history of architecture where the success of an iconic building has sparked the revival of an entire city. Within just 14 months after opening in 2002, The Deep has been an incredible success. It pulled in one million visitors to Hull, a city with a population of 250,000, which was chosen to be the UK City of Culture in 2017. The Deep was a focal point of celebrations during the same year, displaying a projection of Hull’s history on its external walls. The Deep is a landmark project in the North East of England, which is acknowledged as the most commercially successful Millennial Project and features itself on a Royal Mail stamp!
The Deep featured on a Royal Mail stamp©Farrells
Landmark as part of the regeneration of Hull
位于东约克郡的赫尔曾是具有悠久工业历史和文化的贸易港口城市，至20世纪末已渐渐衰落。The Deep项目起源于赫尔市的城市文艺复兴计划，场地原是赫尔河 (River Hull) 与亨伯河口 (Humber Estuary) 汇流处三角地端头的2.45公顷废置工地。
Hull in East Yorkshire was once a trading port city with a long industrial history and culture that declined by the end of the 20th century. Located in an abandoned industrial area of 2.45 hectares at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary, The Deep project started life as an urban renewal scheme.
The site at the confluence of the River Hull and the Humber Estuary©Farrells
As the key project of Hull’s urban regeneration, our vision is to create a building with a bold, pioneering image on the waterfront to catalyse major regeneration throughout the city and its region.
The particular waterfront landscape of the estuary inspires us to design with waves or glacier-like forms. The four-storey visitor attraction, located at the south-west point of the site as The Deep’s main architectural mass and housing a world-class aquarium exhibition, is therefore designed to be a dramatic icon emerging from the deep water.
A world-class aquarium exhibition©Farrells
The site also houses the Learning Centre for different groups in the city, the Total Environment Simulator and the University of Hull’s research facility. In addition, the building features an observation platform at its pinnacle. Once inside the building, visitors are taken by elevator to the top floor, where you walk through the bridge to the observation platform outside flying over the estuary, enjoying the unrivalled views across the River Humber to the great Humber bridge.
An observation platform at the building’s pinnacle©Farrells
The aquarium presented as the focal point on the waterfront
At the end of the last century, The Deep pioneered a new way of thinking about architectural design on the waterfront with its distinctive shape. The dynamic form has become a focal point at the confluence of the estuary in the broader urban landscape. The Deep is a building that revels in its metaphorical associations with the nature. The exterior is treated as an eroded rock face using organic forms and lines, while irregular recessed strata on the façades provide points of access and openings for windows. The roof plane is treated similarly to the wall surfaces so that the building is read as a three-dimensional object rather than as a series of two-dimensional planes.
Organic forms and lines©Farrells
The building’s exterior is in different colours and textures, with materials resonating with the waterfront, including coloured concrete, acrylic render, profiled metal, enamelled glass and rhomboid sheets of marine-grade aluminium as used in shipbuilding, which take on different glistening colours according to how to receive the light and reflections. The wave-like contours of the observation platform at the top highlight the geography of the site and the aquatic function of the building.
Materials resonating with the waterfront©Farrells
Irregular recessed strata providing points of access and openings for windows©Farrells
作为规划建筑师，The Deep水族馆是Farrells里程碑式的作品，充分体现了敏锐的城市视角与“建造实用地标”（Creating landmarks that work） 的设计原则。在特里•法雷尔爵士看来，一个成功的城市更新项目，是可以对整个地区产生一系列正面的连锁反应。The Deep被认为是一个世界级的项目，它填平了深奥学术研究与亲民形象之间的鸿沟，引领了地区的复兴，影响了整个赫尔的经济、社会、文化生活，使这座城市和人民都闻名于世。它已超越了建筑本身，成为一个城市的名片和标志。
The Deep Aquarium in Hull marks a milestone among Farrells’ architectural design projects, giving full play to a keen urban perspective and the design principle of “Creating landmarks that work”. As Sir Terry Farrell sees it, one of the great products of urban regeneration is the positive knock-on effect that one development can have on a whole city. The Deep has been cited as a world-class project, which has spearheaded regeneration in the area and has put Hull and its people on the map. In addition, it has greatly supported Hull’s economic, social and cultural development, making the city and its people well-known throughout the world. The Deep has gone beyond the building itself to become the name card and symbol of the city.
博物馆和遗产卓越奖2003 Museums and Heritage Awards for Excellence 2003
休闲地产奖2002 Leisure Property Award 2002
英国皇家建筑师协会白玫瑰奖2002 RIBA White Rose Awards 2002
公众信誉奖 推荐奖 Civic Trust Awards Commendation
英国 Enjoy England 大奖 | Access for All Tourism 金奖
Enjoy England Awards | Access for All Tourism - Gold Award
英国 Mumsnet 大奖 | 英国最佳水族馆 Mumsnet Awards | Best Aquarium in the UK
项目名称：The Deep 水族馆
建筑设计单位：Farrells 法雷尔 （前称TFP, Terry Farrell and Partners）
Project Name：The Deep Aquarium
Client：The Millennium Commission
Project Type：Planning; Architectural Design
Location: Hull, UK
Architect：Farrells (formerly known as TFP, Terry Farrell and Partners)
Completion Year: 2003
Building Area ：24,155 ㎡